Campus Preview Weekend: Register before the price goes up in:

BGU News

Our Confusing Times

Subscribe

Written by BGU

SUNDAY, AUGUST 3, 2014

Our Confusing Times

We live in a time of great moral and intellectual confusion. At the risk of being misunderstood, I have come to the conclusion that this confusion results from the inordinate influence of the philosophers and intellectuals of the last two centuries. I say this after spending the last months trying to understand postmodernism and in particular the writings of Jacque Derrida and his opposition to metaphysics. While philosophy means “love of wisdom” (philos + sophia), it has not always produced wisdom. Too often, and in our generation particularly, philosophy and philosophers have contributed to folly and confusion.

One would think that scholars, who build their careers on using the rules of logic would be able to think clearly, but sadly, they do not. Philosophers excel at obfuscation. They use difficult terms (which they often invent) in order to argue for things that if clearly understood would be revealed to be false or contradictory or simply devoid of common sense.

For example Immanuel Kant is considered the most influential philosopher of the last 300 years. In his famous book, The Critique of Pure Reason, he argued that we, human beings, have only a partial and ultimately inadequate knowledge of the world in which we live. He said that we are only capable of perceptions of the objects in the world (phenomena) and have no access to the “thing-in-itself” (noumena). In other words, when we touch an object, the nerves in our fingers activate a region of our brain to give us the sensation of touching the object, but that does not give us direct knowledge of the object, it only gives us the “sensation” of touching it. Kant went further in his writings to claim that our minds are the ordering principle of the world. In other words, we “see” order in the world because that is how our brains are wired. According to Kant, order may or may not actually be there. Thus, our knowledge of the world is indirect and occurs mainly in our heads.

If you think about it (which we often don’t do because we’re intimidated by the philosophical language), we would see that this is a very cynical and even distorted way of describing how we use our senses to navigate through the world in which we live. Our eyes are like video cameras, they are taking pictures of the objects around us. Their function can be explained using the laws of physics, and we are well within our logical rights to believe that we are obtaining an accurate “picture” of the world we see. While our “knowledge” of the object we are seeing is not absolute, it is adequate. We are able to corroborate what we are seeing by asking the person standing next to us if they see it too. We can even ask them to describe the color, shape, and size. In our everyday lives, we rely on our senses and have nearly complete confidence that they are accurately seeing, hearing, smelling, and touching the real objects that inhabit our world.  We prove their reliability and accuracy every day as we use them to safely cross a street, handle the everyday objects of life, and observe our surroundings. Each of our senses are independent means of detecting the real objects and phenomenon that make up the reality of the world we live in, and we clearly rely on them every moment of our lives. Only a philosopher could question the reliability of our senses and their capacity to give us knowledge of our world.

Kant opened the philosophical door to the profound skepticism of the present postmodern culture. Kevin Vanhoozer in his important book,Is There a Meaning in This Text? points out that several of the most significant postmodern writers, Richard Rorty, Jacque Derrida, and Stanley Fisch, believe that there is no determinate meaning in any written text, and that, in essence, we can interpret any written document according to our personal, ideological, cultural, or political preferences. This means, of course, that nothing is really true, and that everything is relative to our condition, desires, or needs. It is the modern equivalence of “everyone did what was right in their own eyes.” But even worse, it is a complete offense to common sense. To claim that a written text doesn’t have an inherent meaning is to deny the very act of written communication.

We have to ask why several generations of intellectuals have embraced assumptions about the world and our capacity for knowledge that are so clearly at odds with common sense and practical experience? Some of it is peer pressure and the power of the shared worldview of the academic community. But, as I have argued in my book and elsewhere, there is another force at work in modern culture: the desire to escape the rules and restrictions of traditional Christian values. It is Dostoyevsky’s famous quotation, “If God does not exist, then everything is permitted.” Whether they are conscious of it or not, these men are anti-authoritarian as much or more than they are intellectually skeptical. But there has been a very dark side to this pursuit of libertarian freedom. It has given rise to the kinds of moral confusion that we see all around us. As was famously said (Chesterton, I think), if we cease believing in God we do not end up believing in nothing, we end up believing inanything. In many ways, postmodernism is a Pandora’s box that has unleashed moral and spiritual chaos. Who would have thought that the heirs of Plato and Aristotle, the professional thinkers and logicians, would lead us into such a wasteland? I believe it is because they have ulterior motives (conscious or unconscious) to reject the moral restrictions that accompany Christianity. They are the fulfillment of David’s description of the world rulers in Psalm 2: “Let us tear their fetters apart and cast away their cords from us!” What are these “fetters,” what are these “cords?” Are they not the moral restrictions that we have spent the last several decades “liberating” ourselves from? The problem is that this process has not given us liberty but rather resulted in moral and social dysfunction. One could rightly ask how many lives have been damaged or destroyed by their ideas? This is a truly serious problem and, those of us who follow Jesus must work to counter this terrible assault on reason and truth. We must live out our faith and show by word and deed what is good and right and true. The only way to push back the darkness is to shine the light.

By Tom

From:: Our Confusing Times

Free Download

How to Know If You Are Called to Missions PDF Guide

Subscribe to this blog to get this free guide to bring clarity to your calling.

Get the Guide
[gravityform id="35" title="false" description="false" ajax="false"]
<div class='gf_browser_unknown gform_wrapper' id='gform_wrapper_35' style='display:none'><form method='post' enctype='multipart/form-data' id='gform_35' action='/news/our-confusing-times/'> <div class='gform_body'><ul id='gform_fields_35' class='gform_fields top_label form_sublabel_below description_below'><li id='field_35_1' class='gfield gfield_contains_required field_sublabel_below field_description_below gfield_visibility_visible' ><label class='gfield_label gfield_label_before_complex' >Name<span class='gfield_required'>*</span></label><div class='ginput_complex ginput_container no_prefix has_first_name no_middle_name has_last_name no_suffix gf_name_has_2 ginput_container_name' id='input_35_1'> <span id='input_35_1_3_container' class='name_first' > <input type='text' name='input_1.3' id='input_35_1_3' value='' aria-label='First name' aria-required="true" aria-invalid="false" placeholder='First Name'/> <label for='input_35_1_3' >First</label> </span> <span id='input_35_1_6_container' class='name_last' > <input type='text' name='input_1.6' id='input_35_1_6' value='' aria-label='Last name' aria-required="true" aria-invalid="false" placeholder='Last Name'/> <label for='input_35_1_6' >Last</label> </span> </div></li><li id='field_35_2' class='gfield gf_left_half gfield_contains_required field_sublabel_below field_description_below gfield_visibility_visible' ><label class='gfield_label' for='input_35_2' >Email<span class='gfield_required'>*</span></label><div class='ginput_container ginput_container_email'> <input name='input_2' id='input_35_2' type='text' value='' class='large' placeholder='Email' aria-required="true" aria-invalid="false" /> </div></li><li id='field_35_3' class='gfield gf_right_half gfield_contains_required field_sublabel_below field_description_below gfield_visibility_visible' ><label class='gfield_label' for='input_35_3' >Phone<span class='gfield_required'>*</span></label><div class='ginput_container ginput_container_phone'><input name='input_3' id='input_35_3' type='text' value='' class='large' placeholder='Phone' aria-required="true" aria-invalid="false" /></div></li><li id='field_35_8' class='gfield gfield_contains_required field_sublabel_below field_description_below gfield_visibility_visible' ><label class='gfield_label' for='input_35_8' >Street Address<span class='gfield_required'>*</span></label><div class='ginput_container ginput_container_text'><input name='input_8' id='input_35_8' type='text' value='' class='large' placeholder='Street Address' aria-required="true" aria-invalid="false" /></div></li><li id='field_35_9' class='gfield gf_left_half gfield_contains_required field_sublabel_below field_description_below gfield_visibility_visible' ><label class='gfield_label' for='input_35_9' >City<span class='gfield_required'>*</span></label><div class='ginput_container ginput_container_text'><input name='input_9' id='input_35_9' type='text' value='' class='medium' placeholder='City' aria-required="true" aria-invalid="false" /></div></li><li id='field_35_10' class='gfield gf_right_half gfield_contains_required field_sublabel_below field_description_below gfield_visibility_visible' ><label class='gfield_label' for='input_35_10' >Country<span class='gfield_required'>*</span></label><div class='ginput_container ginput_container_select'><select name='input_10' id='input_35_10' class='medium gfield_select' aria-required="true" aria-invalid="false"><option value='United States' >United States</option><option value='Afghanistan' >Afghanistan</option><option value='Albania' >Albania</option><option value='Algeria' >Algeria</option><option value='American Samoa' >American Samoa</option><option value='Andorra' >Andorra</option><option value='Angola' >Angola</option><option value='Antigua and Barbuda' >Antigua and Barbuda</option><option value='Argentina' >Argentina</option><option value='Armenia' >Armenia</option><option value='Australia' >Australia</option><option value='Austria' >Austria</option><option value='Azerbaijan' >Azerbaijan</option><option value='Bahamas' >Bahamas</option><option value='Bahrain' >Bahrain</option><option value='Bangladesh' >Bangladesh</option><option value='Barbados' >Barbados</option><option value='Belarus' >Belarus</option><option value='Belgium' >Belgium</option><option value='Belize' >Belize</option><option value='Benin' >Benin</option><option value='Bermuda' >Bermuda</option><option value='Bhutan' >Bhutan</option><option value='Bolivia' >Bolivia</option><option value='Bosnia and Herzegovina' >Bosnia and Herzegovina</option><option value='Botswana' >Botswana</option><option value='Brazil' >Brazil</option><option value='Brunei' >Brunei</option><option value='Bulgaria' >Bulgaria</option><option value='Burkina Faso' >Burkina Faso</option><option value='Burundi' >Burundi</option><option value='Cambodia' >Cambodia</option><option value='Cameroon' >Cameroon</option><option value='Canada' >Canada</option><option value='Cape Verde' >Cape Verde</option><option value='Cayman Islands' >Cayman Islands</option><option value='Central African Republic' >Central African Republic</option><option value='Chad' >Chad</option><option value='Chile' >Chile</option><option value='China' >China</option><option value='Colombia' >Colombia</option><option value='Comoros' >Comoros</option><option value='Congo, Democratic Republic of the' >Congo, Democratic Republic of the</option><option value='Congo, Republic of the' >Congo, Republic of the</option><option value='Costa Rica' >Costa Rica</option><option value='C&ocirc;te d&#039;Ivoire' >C&ocirc;te d&#039;Ivoire</option><option value='Croatia' >Croatia</option><option value='Cuba' >Cuba</option><option value='Cyprus' >Cyprus</option><option value='Czech Republic' >Czech Republic</option><option value='Denmark' >Denmark</option><option value='Djibouti' >Djibouti</option><option value='Dominica' >Dominica</option><option value='Dominican Republic' >Dominican Republic</option><option value='East Timor' >East Timor</option><option value='Ecuador' >Ecuador</option><option value='Egypt' >Egypt</option><option value='El Salvador' >El Salvador</option><option value='Equatorial Guinea' >Equatorial Guinea</option><option value='Eritrea' >Eritrea</option><option value='Estonia' >Estonia</option><option value='Ethiopia' >Ethiopia</option><option value='Fiji' >Fiji</option><option value='Finland' >Finland</option><option value='France' >France</option><option value='French Polynesia' >French Polynesia</option><option value='Gabon' >Gabon</option><option value='Gambia' >Gambia</option><option value='Georgia' >Georgia</option><option value='Germany' >Germany</option><option value='Ghana' >Ghana</option><option value='Greece' >Greece</option><option value='Greenland' >Greenland</option><option value='Grenada' >Grenada</option><option value='Guam' >Guam</option><option value='Guatemala' >Guatemala</option><option value='Guinea' >Guinea</option><option value='Guinea-Bissau' >Guinea-Bissau</option><option value='Guyana' >Guyana</option><option value='Haiti' >Haiti</option><option value='Honduras' >Honduras</option><option value='Hong Kong' >Hong Kong</option><option value='Hungary' >Hungary</option><option value='Iceland' >Iceland</option><option value='India' >India</option><option value='Indonesia' >Indonesia</option><option value='Iran' >Iran</option><option value='Iraq' >Iraq</option><option value='Ireland' >Ireland</option><option value='Israel' >Israel</option><option value='Italy' >Italy</option><option value='Jamaica' >Jamaica</option><option value='Japan' >Japan</option><option value='Jordan' >Jordan</option><option value='Kazakhstan' >Kazakhstan</option><option value='Kenya' >Kenya</option><option value='Kiribati' >Kiribati</option><option value='North Korea' >North Korea</option><option value='South Korea' >South Korea</option><option value='Kosovo' >Kosovo</option><option value='Kuwait' >Kuwait</option><option value='Kyrgyzstan' >Kyrgyzstan</option><option value='Laos' >Laos</option><option value='Latvia' >Latvia</option><option value='Lebanon' >Lebanon</option><option value='Lesotho' >Lesotho</option><option value='Liberia' >Liberia</option><option value='Libya' >Libya</option><option value='Liechtenstein' >Liechtenstein</option><option value='Lithuania' >Lithuania</option><option value='Luxembourg' >Luxembourg</option><option value='Macedonia' >Macedonia</option><option value='Madagascar' >Madagascar</option><option value='Malawi' >Malawi</option><option value='Malaysia' >Malaysia</option><option value='Maldives' >Maldives</option><option value='Mali' >Mali</option><option value='Malta' >Malta</option><option value='Marshall Islands' >Marshall Islands</option><option value='Mauritania' >Mauritania</option><option value='Mauritius' >Mauritius</option><option value='Mexico' >Mexico</option><option value='Micronesia' >Micronesia</option><option value='Moldova' >Moldova</option><option value='Monaco' >Monaco</option><option value='Mongolia' >Mongolia</option><option value='Montenegro' >Montenegro</option><option value='Morocco' >Morocco</option><option value='Mozambique' >Mozambique</option><option value='Myanmar' >Myanmar</option><option value='Namibia' >Namibia</option><option value='Nauru' >Nauru</option><option value='Nepal' >Nepal</option><option value='Netherlands' >Netherlands</option><option value='New Zealand' >New Zealand</option><option value='Nicaragua' >Nicaragua</option><option value='Niger' >Niger</option><option value='Nigeria' >Nigeria</option><option value='Norway' >Norway</option><option value='Northern Mariana Islands' >Northern Mariana Islands</option><option value='Oman' >Oman</option><option value='Pakistan' >Pakistan</option><option value='Palau' >Palau</option><option value='Palestine' >Palestine</option><option value='Panama' >Panama</option><option value='Papua New Guinea' >Papua New Guinea</option><option value='Paraguay' >Paraguay</option><option value='Peru' >Peru</option><option value='Philippines' >Philippines</option><option value='Poland' >Poland</option><option value='Portugal' >Portugal</option><option value='Puerto Rico' >Puerto Rico</option><option value='Qatar' >Qatar</option><option value='Romania' >Romania</option><option value='Russian Federation (the)' >Russian Federation (the)</option><option value='Rwanda' >Rwanda</option><option value='Saint Kitts and Nevis' >Saint Kitts and Nevis</option><option value='Saint Lucia' >Saint Lucia</option><option value='Saint Vincent and the Grenadines' >Saint Vincent and the Grenadines</option><option value='Samoa' >Samoa</option><option value='San Marino' >San Marino</option><option value='Sao Tome and Principe' >Sao Tome and Principe</option><option value='Saudi Arabia' >Saudi Arabia</option><option value='Senegal' >Senegal</option><option value='Serbia and Montenegro' >Serbia and Montenegro</option><option value='Seychelles' >Seychelles</option><option value='Sierra Leone' >Sierra Leone</option><option value='Singapore' >Singapore</option><option value='Slovakia' >Slovakia</option><option value='Slovenia' >Slovenia</option><option value='Solomon Islands' >Solomon Islands</option><option value='Somalia' >Somalia</option><option value='South Africa' >South Africa</option><option value='Spain' >Spain</option><option value='Sri Lanka' >Sri Lanka</option><option value='Sudan' >Sudan</option><option value='Sudan, South' >Sudan, South</option><option value='Suriname' >Suriname</option><option value='Swaziland' >Swaziland</option><option value='Sweden' >Sweden</option><option value='Switzerland' >Switzerland</option><option value='Syria' >Syria</option><option value='Taiwan' >Taiwan</option><option value='Tajikistan' >Tajikistan</option><option value='Tanzania' >Tanzania</option><option value='Thailand' >Thailand</option><option value='Togo' >Togo</option><option value='Tonga' >Tonga</option><option value='Trinidad and Tobago' >Trinidad and Tobago</option><option value='Tunisia' >Tunisia</option><option value='Turkey' >Turkey</option><option value='Turkmenistan' >Turkmenistan</option><option value='Tuvalu' >Tuvalu</option><option value='Uganda' >Uganda</option><option value='Ukraine' >Ukraine</option><option value='United Arab Emirates' >United Arab Emirates</option><option value='United Kingdom' >United Kingdom</option><option value='Uruguay' >Uruguay</option><option value='Uzbekistan' >Uzbekistan</option><option value='Vanuatu' >Vanuatu</option><option value='Vatican City' >Vatican City</option><option value='Venezuela' >Venezuela</option><option value='Vietnam' >Vietnam</option><option value='Virgin Islands, British' >Virgin Islands, British</option><option value='Virgin Islands, U.S.' >Virgin Islands, U.S.</option><option value='Yemen' >Yemen</option><option value='Zambia' >Zambia</option><option value='Zimbabwe' >Zimbabwe</option></select></div></li><li id='field_35_16' class='gfield gf_left_half gfield_contains_required field_sublabel_below field_description_below gfield_visibility_visible' ><label class='gfield_label' for='input_35_16' >Zip / Postal Code<span class='gfield_required'>*</span></label><div class='ginput_container ginput_container_text'><input name='input_16' id='input_35_16' type='text' value='' class='medium' placeholder='Zip / Postal Code' aria-required="true" aria-invalid="false" /></div></li><li id='field_35_12' class='gfield gf_right_half gfield_contains_required field_sublabel_below field_description_below gfield_visibility_visible' ><label class='gfield_label' for='input_35_12' >State<span class='gfield_required'>*</span></label><div class='ginput_container ginput_container_select'><select name='input_12' id='input_35_12' class='medium gfield_select' aria-required="true" aria-invalid="false"><option value='AL' >Alabama</option><option value='AK' >Alaska</option><option value='AZ' >Arizona</option><option value='AR' >Arkansas</option><option value='CA' >California</option><option value='CO' >Colorado</option><option value='CT' >Connecticut</option><option value='CE' >Delaware</option><option value='DC' >District of Columbia</option><option value='FL' >Florida</option><option value='GA' >Georgia</option><option value='HI' >Hawaii</option><option value='ID' >Idaho</option><option value='IL' >Illinois</option><option value='IN' >Indiana</option><option value='IA' >Iowa</option><option value='KS' >Kansas</option><option value='KY' >Kentucky</option><option value='LA' >Louisiana</option><option value='ME' >Maine</option><option value='MD' >Maryland</option><option value='MA' >Massachusetts</option><option value='MI' >Michigan</option><option value='MN' >Minnesota</option><option value='MS' >Mississippi</option><option value='MO' >Missouri</option><option value='MT' >Montana</option><option value='NE' >Nebraska</option><option value='NV' >Nevada</option><option value='NH' >New Hampshire</option><option value='NJ' >New Jersey</option><option value='NM' >New Mexico</option><option value='NY' >New York</option><option value='NC' >North Carolina</option><option value='NC' >North Dakota</option><option value='OH' >Ohio</option><option value='OK' >Oklahoma</option><option value='OR' >Oregon</option><option value='PA' >Pennsylvania</option><option value='RI' >Rhode Island</option><option value='SC' >South Carolina</option><option value='SD' >South Dakota</option><option value='TN' >Tennessee</option><option value='TX' >Texas</option><option value='UT' >Utah</option><option value='VT' >Vermont</option><option value='VA' >Virginia</option><option value='WA' >Washington</option><option value='WV' >West Virginia</option><option value='WI' >Wisconsin</option><option value='WY' >Wyoming</option></select></div></li><li id='field_35_13' class='gfield gf_right_half gfield_contains_required field_sublabel_below field_description_below gfield_visibility_visible' ><label class='gfield_label' for='input_35_13' >Province/Region<span class='gfield_required'>*</span></label><div class='ginput_container ginput_container_text'><input name='input_13' id='input_35_13' type='text' value='' class='medium' placeholder='Province/Region' aria-required="true" aria-invalid="false" /></div></li><li id='field_35_19' class='gfield label_show gfield_contains_required field_sublabel_below field_description_below gfield_visibility_visible' ><label class='gfield_label' for='input_35_19' >Which degree are you interested in?<span class='gfield_required'>*</span></label><div class='ginput_container ginput_container_select'><select name='input_19' id='input_35_19' class='medium gfield_select' aria-required="true" aria-invalid="false"><option value='Undergraduate' selected='selected'>Bachelor&#039;s Degree</option><option value='Graduate' >Master&#039;s Degree</option></select></div></li><li id='field_35_23' class='gfield gfield_html gfield_no_follows_desc field_sublabel_below field_description_below gfield_visibility_visible' ><p>To enroll in a masters program you must have earned a Bachelor's degree prior to enrollment.</p></li><li id='field_35_6' class='gfield label_show gfield_contains_required field_sublabel_below field_description_below gfield_visibility_visible' ><label class='gfield_label' for='input_35_6' >Year of High School Graduation (or expected)<span class='gfield_required'>*</span></label><div class='ginput_container ginput_container_select'><select name='input_6' id='input_35_6' class='medium gfield_select' aria-required="true" aria-invalid="false"><option value='' selected='selected'>Please Select Year</option><option value='2023 and later' >2023 and later</option><option value='2022' >2022</option><option value='2021' >2021</option><option value='2020' >2020</option><option value='2019' >2019</option><option value='2018' >2018</option><option value='2017' >2017</option><option value='2016' >2016</option><option value='2015' >2015</option><option value='2014' >2014</option><option value='2013' >2013</option><option value='2012' >2012</option><option value='2011' >2011</option><option value='2010' >2010</option><option value='2009' >2009</option><option value='2008' >2008</option><option value='2007' >2007</option><option value='2006' >2006</option><option value='2005' >2005</option><option value='2004' >2004</option><option value='2003' >2003</option><option value='2002' >2002</option><option value='2001' >2001</option><option value='2000' >2000</option><option value='1999 and before' >1999 and before</option></select></div></li><li id='field_35_20' class='gfield label_show gfield_contains_required field_sublabel_below field_description_below gfield_visibility_visible' ><label class='gfield_label' for='input_35_20' >Year of College Graduation (or expected)<span class='gfield_required'>*</span></label><div class='ginput_container ginput_container_select'><select name='input_20' id='input_35_20' class='medium gfield_select' aria-required="true" aria-invalid="false"><option value='' selected='selected'>Please Select Year</option><option value='2023 and later' >2023 and later</option><option value='2022' >2022</option><option value='2021' >2021</option><option value='2020' >2020</option><option value='2019' >2019</option><option value='2018' >2018</option><option value='2017' >2017</option><option value='2016' >2016</option><option value='2015' >2015</option><option value='2014' >2014</option><option value='2013' >2013</option><option value='2012' >2012</option><option value='2011' >2011</option><option value='2010' >2010</option><option value='2009' >2009</option><option value='2008' >2008</option><option value='2007' >2007</option><option value='2006' >2006</option><option value='2005' >2005</option><option value='2004' >2004</option><option value='2003' >2003</option><option value='2002' >2002</option><option value='2001' >2001</option><option value='2000' >2000</option><option value='1999 and before' >1999 and before</option></select></div></li><li id='field_35_22' class='gfield field_sublabel_below field_description_below gfield_visibility_hidden' ><label class='gfield_label' >On a scale of 1-5, how interested are you in this program?</label><div class='ginput_container ginput_container_radio'><ul class='gfield_radio' id='input_35_22'><li class='gchoice_35_22_0'><input name='input_22' type='radio' value='5' id='choice_35_22_0' /><label for='choice_35_22_0' id='label_35_22_0'>5 - Looks Amazing! Sign me up today!</label></li><li class='gchoice_35_22_1'><input name='input_22' type='radio' value='4' id='choice_35_22_1' /><label for='choice_35_22_1' id='label_35_22_1'>4 - Looks great! Just need a little more info.</label></li><li class='gchoice_35_22_2'><input name='input_22' type='radio' value='3' id='choice_35_22_2' /><label for='choice_35_22_2' id='label_35_22_2'>3 - Very interested, but I have lots of questons.</label></li><li class='gchoice_35_22_3'><input name='input_22' type='radio' value='2' id='choice_35_22_3' /><label for='choice_35_22_3' id='label_35_22_3'>2 - Not sure if this is for me, but I still want to learn more.</label></li><li class='gchoice_35_22_4'><input name='input_22' type='radio' value='1' id='choice_35_22_4' /><label for='choice_35_22_4' id='label_35_22_4'>1 - Mildly interested or interested for someone else.</label></li><li class='gchoice_35_22_5'><input name='input_22' type='radio' value='1' id='choice_35_22_5' /><label for='choice_35_22_5' id='label_35_22_5'>I'd rather not say.</label></li></ul></div></li><li id='field_35_7' class='gfield field_admin_only field_sublabel_below field_description_below gfield_visibility_administrative' ><input name='input_7' id='input_35_7' class='gform_hidden' type='hidden' value=''/></li><li id='field_35_25' class='gfield field_sublabel_below field_description_below gfield_visibility_hidden' ><label class='gfield_label' for='input_35_25' >Split Test Number</label><div class='ginput_container ginput_container_number'><input name='input_25' id='input_35_25' type='text' value='' class='medium' aria-invalid="false" /></div></li><li id='field_35_26' class='gfield field_sublabel_below field_description_below gfield_visibility_hidden' ><label class='gfield_label' for='input_35_26' >Landing Page Version</label><div class='ginput_container ginput_container_select'><select name='input_26' id='input_35_26' class='medium gfield_select' aria-invalid="false"><option value='' ></option><option value='1' >1</option><option value='2' >2</option></select></div></li><li id='field_35_27' class='gfield gform_validation_container field_sublabel_below field_description_below gfield_visibility_visible' ><label class='gfield_label' for='input_35_27' >Phone</label><div class='ginput_container'><input name='input_27' id='input_35_27' type='text' value='' /></div><div class='gfield_description' id='gfield_description__27'>This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.</div></li> </ul></div> <div class='gform_footer top_label'> <input type='submit' id='gform_submit_button_35' class='gform_button button' value='Request Brochure' onclick='if(window["gf_submitting_35"]){return false;} window["gf_submitting_35"]=true; ' onkeypress='if( event.keyCode == 13 ){ if(window["gf_submitting_35"]){return false;} window["gf_submitting_35"]=true; jQuery("#gform_35").trigger("submit",[true]); }' /> <input type='hidden' class='gform_hidden' name='is_submit_35' value='1' /> <input type='hidden' class='gform_hidden' name='gform_submit' value='35' /> <input type='hidden' class='gform_hidden' name='gform_unique_id' value='' /> <input type='hidden' class='gform_hidden' name='state_35' value='WyJbXSIsImNjNzIwNTcwNzNhNTI5Mjg0MGI5ZTM0Yjg0MzMzMDYxIl0=' /> <input type='hidden' class='gform_hidden' name='gform_target_page_number_35' id='gform_target_page_number_35' value='0' /> <input type='hidden' class='gform_hidden' name='gform_source_page_number_35' id='gform_source_page_number_35' value='1' /> <input type='hidden' name='gform_field_values' value='' /> </div> </form> </div><script type='text/javascript'> jQuery(document).bind('gform_post_render', function(event, formId, currentPage){if(formId == 35) {gf_global["number_formats"][35] = {"1":{"price":false,"value":false},"2":{"price":false,"value":false},"3":{"price":false,"value":false},"8":{"price":false,"value":false},"9":{"price":false,"value":false},"10":{"price":false,"value":false},"16":{"price":false,"value":false},"12":{"price":false,"value":false},"13":{"price":false,"value":false},"19":{"price":false,"value":false},"23":{"price":false,"value":false},"6":{"price":false,"value":false},"20":{"price":false,"value":false},"22":{"price":false,"value":false},"7":{"price":false,"value":false},"25":{"price":false,"value":"decimal_dot"},"26":{"price":false,"value":false},"27":{"price":false,"value":false}};if(window['jQuery']){if(!window['gf_form_conditional_logic'])window['gf_form_conditional_logic'] = new Array();window['gf_form_conditional_logic'][35] = { logic: { 12: {"field":{"actionType":"show","logicType":"all","rules":[{"fieldId":"10","operator":"is","value":"United States"}]},"nextButton":null,"section":null},13: {"field":{"actionType":"show","logicType":"all","rules":[{"fieldId":"10","operator":"isnot","value":"United States"}]},"nextButton":null,"section":null},23: {"field":{"actionType":"show","logicType":"all","rules":[{"fieldId":"19","operator":"is","value":"Graduate"}]},"nextButton":null,"section":null},6: {"field":{"actionType":"show","logicType":"all","rules":[{"fieldId":"19","operator":"is","value":"Undergraduate"}]},"nextButton":null,"section":null},20: {"field":{"actionType":"show","logicType":"all","rules":[{"fieldId":"19","operator":"is","value":"Graduate"}]},"nextButton":null,"section":null},0: {"field":{"actionType":"hide","logicType":"any","rules":[{"fieldId":"10","operator":"is","value":"Russian Federation (the)"},{"fieldId":"10","operator":"is","value":"Ukraine"}]},"section":null} }, dependents: { 12: [12],13: [13],23: [23],6: [6],20: [20],0: [0] }, animation: 1, defaults: {"1":{"1.2":"","1.3":"","1.4":"","1.6":"","1.8":""},"19":"Undergraduate","6":"","20":"","7":["choice_35_7_10"],"26":""}, fields: {"1":[0],"2":[0],"3":[0],"8":[0],"9":[0],"10":[0,12,13],"16":[0],"12":[0],"13":[0],"19":[0,23,6,20],"23":[0],"6":[0],"20":[0],"22":[0],"7":[0],"25":[0],"26":[0],"27":[0]} }; if(!window['gf_number_format'])window['gf_number_format'] = 'decimal_dot';jQuery(document).ready(function(){gf_apply_rules(35, [12,13,23,6,20,0], true);jQuery('#gform_wrapper_35').show();jQuery(document).trigger('gform_post_conditional_logic', [35, null, true]);} );} if(typeof Placeholders != 'undefined'){ Placeholders.enable(); }} } );jQuery(document).bind('gform_post_conditional_logic', function(event, formId, fields, isInit){} );</script><script type='text/javascript'> jQuery(document).ready(function(){jQuery(document).trigger('gform_post_render', [35, 1]) } ); </script>